Whether you’ve just begun exploring CBD oil or you’ve been buying them for a long time, you’re probably familiar with the different spectrum choices available. Understanding the three main types of full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolate will help you choose the right product for your needs. Each also has its respective purposes and benefits, affecting you differently.

Each spectrum exists because it uses individual components that work with CBD to produce comprehensive benefits. CBD manufacturers extract specific cannabinoids depending on the ratio of CBD to THC present, then label the final product as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or just CBD isolate. 

The Components of CBD Oil

CBD oil is a raw hemp extraction product, in which flavonoids, terpenes, cannabinoids are stripped from the plant. It is then infused into a carrier oil incorporated into many CBD products, like creams and oils. Hemp-based extracts typically contain less than 0.2 per cent of THC, allowing the product to retain the benefits of CBD without keeping its psychoactive effects.

Here is the difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD:

Full-Spectrum CBD

This variant of CBD uses all the phytochemicals in Cannabis sativa. These substances include cannabidiol, terpenes, essential oils, and THC, the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects associated with marijuana. However, the THC concentration is often negligible at under 0.2 per cent. Still, full-spectrum CBD may trigger a false positive drug test result if you consume high doses of the product at regular intervals. It’s important to note that you may never feel the mood-altering effects with such little amounts of the psychoactive compound.

Full-spectrum CBD uses active compounds extracted from hemp, which boost the benefits of individual cannabinoids. When they work together, they produce an entourage effect, which intensifies hemp benefits. Full-spectrum extracts include many cannabinoids, like cannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabidivarin, cannabidiol acid, and cannabichromene, some known for their anti-inflammatory properties. 

Scientists have found that full-spectrum CBD offers more advantageous effects at higher doses than isolated CBD since it utilises all compounds from the hemp plant. People have also reported feeling more substantial relief from this spectrum of the product. 

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Meanwhile, broad-spectrum CBD also uses cannabidiol and the other compounds found in the hemp plant. The critical difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD is that the latter does not use THC after the extraction process. It can still achieve the entourage effect without THC since it keeps several of the other cannabinoids as mentioned above. 

One way to look at broad-spectrum CBD is that it is a combination of CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD. Since it doesn’t include THC, you won’t risk any false positive drug results from consuming the product. Broad-spectrum variants are particularly popular among those who do not want to worry about random drug tests or the buildup of THC in their system from frequent use. They’re also preferred among those who wish to avoid the high altogether.


Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products provide mostly the same benefits, although the latter spectrum is formulated to cater to those who don’t want to consume THC. It also allows people to find relief in CBD products without worrying about drug tests. Overall, these two variants offer many advantageous effects, thanks to the compounds from the hemp plant.

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