Terpenes are plant essential oils. They're in charge of how a plant smells and tastes. Because of terpenes, cannabis smells and tastes like cannabis. Plants produce terpenes for various reasons, including attracting pollinators and warding off predators.
Apart from the fact that terpenes give plants their aroma and flavour, cannabis terpenes may provide therapeutic advantages comparable to CBD and THC. Researchers in aromatherapy are already investigating the effect of terpenes from plants in general. More research is needed to check the possible advantages of terpenes (including those found in cannabis), but the already available knowledge has impacted.
Naturally, each cannabis strain has a unique terpene profile. To generate new strains with certain desirable effects, cannabis breeders aim to mimic and enhance the terpene profiles of naturally occurring strains. Thanks to the industry's expansion and the efforts of cannabis farmers, there are now hundreds of cannabis strains, each with its name.
Terpenes are increasingly separated from plants, including cannabis, and sold as a standalone product. Experts promise a slew of health advantages. It remains to be determined whether terpenes have any health benefits whether ingested alone or in combination with cannabis.
Remember that terpenes are non-intoxicating, meaning they won't make you high on their own. This basic aspect makes them much easier to sell in the mainstream market, like CBD and terpene-infused cones.
What Effect Do Terpenes Have on Human Physiology?
Like cannabinoids (THC, CBD), Terpenes bind to receptors in the brain. When substances bind to such receptors, the body usually reacts physiologically. Terpenes can also affect the creation of neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine, which are important in physiology.
Terpenes provide a wide range of possible health benefits, dependent on each specific substance's qualities. Relief from anxiety, pain, sadness, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-cancer activity, the ability to energise or sedate, and mood enhancement, in general, are just a few of the claimed advantages.
To put it another way, terpenes can improve the therapeutic benefits of CBD and THC, making them far more effective than they would be on their own. As a result, if CBD lowers anxiety, CBD with terpenes, for example, would be more effective.
THC's intoxicating effects may be enhanced or diminished by certain terpenes. For example, terpene myrcene is widely present in marijuana. Our cell membranes become more porous as a result of this terpene.
The translation is that when a marijuana strain contains a lot of myrcene, the THC is absorbed more rapidly and easily, resulting in a stronger and longer-lasting high.
On the other hand, a separate terpene, pinene, has been proven to suppress the intoxicating effects of marijuana. Due to a lack of conclusive clinical research, the veracity of these claims is currently up in the air. What has been discovered, though, appears to be encouraging.
The therapeutic effects of cannabis would likely be lost if terpenes weren't present. More than 100 cannabis terpenes have been discovered so far, albeit the majority do not appear in significant amounts. Remember that none of these potential side effects have been confirmed in scientific trials, whether positive or negative. Terpenes' effects on the human body are still being studied to comprehend and verify them fully.